Surah No 12: Yusuf
Number of Ayats: One hundred and eleven
Meaning of the name: The surah has been named after Hazrat Yusuf (AS), whose complete story has been told.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The account of Hazrat Yusuf (AS) (who is the great grand son of Hazrat Ibrahim) is given. There are great lessons to be learnt from this story. Firstly it tells us that everything happens according to Allah’s will, man can never stop something from happening nor change it in any way. Hazrat Yusuf had to face many adverse circumstances during his lifetime yet he went on to become a great Egyptian Administrator. Secondly it teaches is that one should remain within the limits prescribed by Allah. Thirdly it proves that those who put their trust in Allah in everything that they do; get consolation and comfort from Him. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Seventy thousand people of my Ummah will enter Jannah without any questioning. These are those people who did not believe in amulets and omens and only had faith in Allah.”
Lastly if a Believer possesses true Islamic character, he can conquer a whole country with the strength of his character alone.
It is also stated that the Holy Quran authenticates all the books that came before it, and those who believe will indeed be blessed by Allah. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “If Allah wants to be beneficent towards someone he bestows upon him the understanding of religion (the understanding of the Holy Quran and Sunnah).” The extent of the blessings and mercy of Allah can be understood by what Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “The day Allah created divine mercy, he divided it into 100 parts. He kept 99 with him, and sent only one to earth. If the non-believers understood how much mercy Allah has they would never turn away from Heaven, and if the believers would know how much wrath Allah has they would fear Hell.”
Surah No 13: Ar-Ra’ad
Number of Ayats: Forty-three
Meaning of the name: The surah takes its name from the word ar ra’ad which means thunder and has been mentioned in ayat no 13. It is also the name of an angel, who by Allah’s command takes the clouds from one place to another and is forever busy in praising Allah. It is symbolic for all the mysteries of the universe, most specifically the cloud, which contains both blessing and wrath for the people.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated that Allah is creator of all. All His wondrous creations have been mentioned such as the heavens, the earth, the mountains, rivers, fruits etc. These are signs for those who understand, so that there cannot be even a moment’s doubt regarding His existence.
Man ultimately has to return to Him and will be held accountable for all his actions on earth. Even all the prophets did as Allah commanded. They had no power to change anything on their own will. Allah created man honorable and pure; he gave him intelligence and knowledge; he surrounded him with all types of blessings. Despite this man commits sins willingly, and in such a situation Allah lets them stray from the right path, those who knowingly close their eyes and their hearts to His benevolence. If you don’t turn to Him, He will not force you. If you turn to Him, His mercy is unlimited and if you repent Allah’s forgiveness is open to all. “For each (such person) there are (angels) in succession, before and behind him: They guard him by command of Allah. Verily never will Allah change the condition of a people until they change it themselves (with their own souls)…” (13:11).
We must worship only Allah and Him alone, if we worship anything else such as idols, stars, powers of nature, spirits, holy men, self, power, wealth, science, art, talent or intellect then we are with out faith. “For the prayer of those without Faith is nothing but (futile) wandering (in the mind)” (13:14).
Again strong proofs have been given regarding punishment and reward on the Day of Judgment. Allah is the one who gives life and takes it away, that is why great emphasis is given on the importance of Hereafter and instead of losing one self in this earthly abode one must always be prepared for afterlife (refer to ayat no 22).
Surah No 14: Ibrahim
Number of Ayats: Fifty-two
Meaning of the name: The surah has been named after Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) as he has been mentioned in ayat no 35. His life story has not been given, but a reference of his prayer has.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated that Allah bestowed upon us the Holy Quran and the religion Islam so that we may come out of the dark abyss of ignorance and towards the light of faith and knowledge. The main subject of this surah is ‘prophets and prophet hood’. It repeats how all prophets spread the message of Allah in the language of that time. Their sole purpose was to make people believe in Allah’s existence and to make them aware of the true faith.
The prayer of Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) has been mentioned here. He prayed for himself, his sons and their sons, forgiveness of his parents, and for all believers. Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was the one who broke all the idols, he preached the oneness of Allah and laid the foundations of Islam, and for the completion and unification Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was sent. He also laid down the foundations of Baitullah at Makkah with the help of his son Hazrat Ismail (AS).
Surah No 15: Al-Hijr
No of Ayats: Ninety-nine
Meaning of the name: The surah takes its name from ayat no 80, which refers to ‘Hijar’, which was a place between Madina and Shaam (Syria) where the nation of Hazrat Saleh (AS) – the people of Thamud lived.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Ayat no 9 states that not a single letter of the Holy Quran can be changed, because Allah is the protector of the Book. This is not only a universal truth even after 1400 years but is also is a challenge for mankind, and it is imperative that everyone must have faith in the miracles of the Holy Quran.
Reference to how Allah created man from dry clay is given here as well great emphasis is laid on the following points: 1) The breathing of Allah’s spirit into man therefore man is privileged to possess knowledge and will similar to Allah’s and if this is rightly used by him, it would make him superior to all other creatures 2) the foundation of evil was laid when Satan displayed jealousy and conceit towards man as he refused to acknowledge his superior qualities; and actually accused Allah of being unjust to him 3) that evil only touches those who yield to it, and has no power over Allah’s sincere servants. The power of evil is felt only by a sinner, even Satan cannot be blamed.
Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said ‘When a person dies all his actions come to an end except for the following three: 1) continued gifts (alms) to the poor 2) knowledge that can facilitate people 3) honest and pious off springs that pray for the pardon and forgiveness of their parents.’
Specific reference is given to the people of the Rocky Tract (Hijr), who were so powerful that they carved houses out of stone and therefore thought that they were invincible and were going to live in this world forever. However their fate was quite the opposite as one morning the wrath of Allah descended upon them and they vanished from the face of the earth without leaving a trace.