Surah No 9: At-Tauba
Number of Ayats: One hundred and twenty-nine
Meaning of the name: It contains tauba (repentance) for momins and that there is great punishment for the munafiqin (hypocrites). There are said to be many names of this surah, according to some Islamic scholiasts it has fourteen names.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It is said that the first part was revealed in the ninth year of Hijrat when Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) sent Hazrat Abu Bakr (RA) to tell people how to perform Hajj, and after him Hazrat Ali (RA) was sent to spread the message of Islam. The second part was revealed during the time Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was preparing for the campaign of Tabuk. The third and last part was revealed on the Prophet’s return from the Tabuk. It also tells us how the Jewish tribes Banu Nazir, Banu Quraiza and Banu Qunaika sided with the Mushriqin against Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) many times. Allah has commanded that we break off all relations with Mushriqin and people of the book because they have disobeyed him time and time again. What these people thought about the Muslims and how they conspired against them is clearly discussed in detail, as Allah gives us signs and warns us.
There are many reasons why this surah does not star with Bismillah, one is that Bismillah means Amman, and since the subject of this surah is battle with munafiqin and mushrikin, there is no amaan. The Muslims were also warned of the Zarar Mosque which had been specifically made to scheme against the Muslims and to spread revolt and mischief.
We are asked to strive in the Cause of Allah, as Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Nobody who dies and finds good from Allah would wish to come back to this world even if he were given the whole world and whatever is in it except the martyr who, on seeing the superiority of martyrdom would like to come back again and get killed again (in Alla’s Cause).”
Also great emphasis has been laid upon misuse of wealth, property and resources in the following ways: 1) do not obtain anything through false means 2) do not accumulate wealth only to spend on yourself, spend it for the good of others as well 3) do not waste your money without reason.
Surah No 10: Yunus
Number of Ayats: One hundred and nine
Meaning of the name: The surah has been named after Prophet Yunus (AS) whose reference has been given in ayat no 98.
Summary: This is a Maaki surah. It states Islamic beliefs and principles. Belief in Allah and the Holy Quran, in the prophets and the holy books as well as in the Day of Judgment are chiefly mentioned. The relation between the creator and his creation i.e. Allah and man has been described in detail, and that only Allah is worthy of worship. He is the one who provides us with livelihood and sustenance whereas life and death is with Him only, and everything else is a falsehood. He is Magnificent and Omnipotent, and all things on this earth are a symbol of His existence. It is stated that we must remember that all that we have achieved as humans is through the gift of genius and intelligence bestowed upon us by Allah. If we think otherwise then we are without faith. In no circumstance can we blame Allah for the sins that we commit, because He has provided us with guidance in every matter of life. Each ayat of the Holy Quran are His signs, a pearl of wisdom if only we choose to understand. We are reminded that earth is a temporary abode, and therefore we should not involve ourselves in the pleasures of this world and forget our duties and the Hereafter.
But for those who fear Allah and spend their life doing good deeds, there can be good news for them in this world i.e. if he/she or someone else sees a good dream. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said ‘Nothing is left of An-Nubbuwah(Prophet hood) except Al-Mubashshirat’. They asked, ‘What is Al-Mubashshirat? He replied, ‘The true good dreams (that convey glad tidings)’. He also said ‘The good dream of a faithful believer is a part of the forty-six parts of Prophethood.’
It is stated that every nation had a prophet sent to them with the message of Allah. Most of them turned away and Allah then destroyed them. However an example of a nation which eventually repented and was spared was that of Hazrat Yunus (AS), also known as ‘Dhu al Nun’. He was sent to the ancient city of Nineveh which later on became the capital of Assyria, a place of great importance.
At the end Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is advised to be steadfast in the laws laid down by Allah and to face all difficulties with patience.
Surah No 11: Hud
Number of Ayats: One hundred and twenty three
Meaning of the name: This surah has been named after Prophet Hud (AS) whose story has been related in ayat no 50-60.
Summary: This is a Maaki surah. It was revealed to Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) after surah Yunus, when he was going through a very difficult period of life as he had lost both his beloved uncle Abu Talib and loving wife Hazrat Khadija one after the other. Through this surah he was told that prophets before him had suffered great trials and tribulations, which they did with immense patience and toleration, therefore he must do the same.
The difference between momin and those who are sinful is given by the comparison of those who can see, hear and talk to those who are deaf, dumb and blind. We should always remember that nothing is hidden from Allah, for He knows all that is in our heart and minds. The account of Hazrat Hud has been mentioned and his continuous struggle to spread the message of Allah among the people of Ad has been emphasized. Those people were very conceited about their strength and claimed that there was no one stronger than them. In answer to their claim Allah sent such strong winds that they were destroyed.
Once again Hazrat Moosa (AS) and Pharaoh have been mentioned, as their reference has been given in several places in the Quran to illustrate different points. Stories of prophets such as Hazrats Saleh, Lut, Shoaib and Haroon have also been given though one must understand that they are not just narratives or records but they represent three things: Firstly they teach divine truth; secondly they tell us to how we should manage our lives and thirdly remind us of Allah and his instructions.