Surah No 6: Al-Inam
Number of Ayats: One hundred and sixty-five
Meaning of the name: The name is based on the superstitious beliefs of the Arabs regarding the lawfulness of some cattle (Inam) and the unlawfulness of some others.
Summary: This is an extensive Makki surah. It deals with three very important elements and clears all doubts regarding them. They are: the oneness of Allah, Prophethood and divine revelation, the reawakening of the dead as well as the Day of Judgment. Caution, and warning to those who do not believe in the prophets and Allah’s teachings have been discussed over and over again in new and different ways. Also it is mentioned how those nations were wiped from the face of the earth as result of their disbelief. For Allah states in ayat no 7 of the surah “If we had sent unto thee a written (Message) on parchment so that they could touch it with their hands the unbelievers would have been sure to say: “This is nothing but obvious magic!”
Certain Angels have been appointed for us, who guard us as well as write all our good and bad deeds. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said ‘Allah ordered (the appointed angels over you) that the good and bad deeds be written, and He showed the way how to write. If somebody intends to do a good deed and he does not do it, then Allah will write for him a full good deed (in his account with Him); if he intends to do a good deed and actually does it, then Allah will write for him its reward equal from ten to seven hundred times, to many more times; if somebody intends to do a bad deed and he does not do it, then Allah will write for him a full good deed. And if he intended to do a bad deed, and actually does it, then Allah will write one bad deed’
Reference to how Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was blessed with the insight of true faith, which is why he rejected worshipping idols and believed in Allah is also given. All the prophets that followed are mention such as Ishaaq, Yaqub, Nuh, Daud, Suleiman, Ayub, Yousaf, Musa, Haroon. Then Zakariya, Yahya, Isa, Illyas, Ismail, Al-Yasa, Yunus and Lut.
And if Allah Almighty wants to do good to a person, he blesses him with the understanding of the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
It is stated that Man is Allah’s khalifa on this earth. He is responsible for all development and that he must use his capabilities for the betterment of mankind. The blessings that Allah has bestowed upon us to enjoy have been mentioned in detail, and we are forbidden only a few things. However Allah dislikes Al-Musrifin (those who waste by extravagance or indulge in overspending). Also we are told to give zakat i.e. 1/10 or 1/20 of whatever harvest we reap.
We are told not to eat the meat which has been slaughtered without the name of Allah being pronounced. But in the case of necessity, we are allowed as Allah is most forgiving.
Surah No 7: Al-Araaf
Number of Ayats: Two hundred and six
Meaning of the name: Al-Araaf is a wall place between heaven and hell, and has many elevated places. The people here cannot enter heaven because of their sins, and cannot be sent to hell because of their good deeds. Therefore they will stay here until Allah makes a decision about them.
Summary: This is an extensive Makki surah. This starts with, oneness of Allah and that in order to be successful in this life and Hereafter we must understand and follow the teachings of the Holy Quran. For on the Day of Resurrection everyone will be questioned and everything we have done will be accounted for, as the true weighing will take place. It is stated in (21:47) ‘And We shall set up Balances of justice on the Day of Resurrection, then none will be dealt unjustly in anything…’
The account of how and why Hazrat Adam (AS) was turned out of heaven and sent to earth is given. Since then the battle between good and evil has started. Allah warns all the children of Hazrat Adam (AS) against their enemy i.e. Iblees who is always waiting for an opportunity to make them stray from the right path, and those who stray have no real faith.
The surah presents a clear picture of the Day of Judgment, where there will be three groups of people 1) those who will go to heaven 2) those who will go to hell 3) those who will stay at Al-Araaf. Then accounts of the lives of various prophets such as Hazrat Nooh, Hud, Salah, Lut, Shuaib and Moosa are given in detail. The role of religious scholars, men upon whom Allah has bestowed his spiritual guidance and knowledge is highlighted. But if they throw away this blessing for worldly and material gains than they have been compared with a dog whose slobbers.
It is stated that Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) has no control over benefiting or harming himself, and neither does he have the knowledge of the unseen, it is only Allah who knows all!
At the end we are reminded that the Holy Quran is a guidance and mercy for people who believe. Therefore when the Holy Quran is recited we should listen to it silently. And that we must remember/glorify Allah at the appointed times and throughout the day as well. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said ‘The example of one who remembers Allah in comparison to the one who does not remember Allah, is that of a living creature compared to a dead one’.
Surah No 8: Al-Anfaal
Number of Ayats: Seventy five
Meaning of the name: The surah takes its name from the first ayat which means ‘The Bounties’
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It deals with the laws related to battle and jihad. What a Momin should do while fighting with the enemy, how to treat prisoners of war and distribution of booty are also described. This surah was revealed in 2 A.H after the Battle of Badr which was the first battle between Islam and Kufr, when Allah granted the Muslims victory despite the fact that they were far less in number and had meager resources. The people of Makkah prayed to Allah to save them from the enemies and He listened to their prayers, and sent down a thousand angels. This showed the enemies that the strength of faith and justice is always great if it is true. Allah also addresses Momins with six qualities which can be briefly summarized as 1) do not flee from the battle field 2) obey Allah and his prophet Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) 3) success in this life and hereafter is in following the teachings of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) 4) never tell your secrets to the enemy, this is khianat 5) fear Allah; traverse on the right path 6) if you want Allah’s help than remember Him, mention Him frequently and pray only to Him.
It is stated that if we obey and fear Allah then He will grant us ‘Furqan’ (the criterion to judge between right and wrong) and ‘Makhraj’ (a way for you to get out of every difficult situation) and forgive our sins.
We are told that the Muslims of the entire world should be united as one whole, one Ummah only then will Islam reign supreme. If we fail to do this then there will be ‘Fitnah’ i.e. wars, murders, corruption, oppression and immense chaos.
All those who emigrate and also strive for Allah’s cause and all those who help one another in time of need, they will be forgiven and rewarded with Rizqun Karim.