Surah No 106: Quraish
Number of Ayats: Four
Meaning of the name: In ayat no 1, the word ‘Quraish’ occurs which refers to the tribe “Quraish”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Here reference is given to the tribe of Quraish, which was the most noble of Arabia. They had 3 great advantages: 1) had an authority over all other tribes 2) their strategic position gave them an upper hand in trade which resulted in wealth and high repute 3) custody of Khana Kaa’ba as well as control of Makkah which gave them a very secure position and they had no fear of war and disputes. On this basis they had obtained agreements with neighboring countries on all sides such as Syria, Yemen, Persia and Abyssinia which ensured that they could trade in all seasons.
As an outcome they became experienced travelers, and they acquired knowledge of the world as well as perfected their language. The interaction resulted in people coming from all over to visit Makkah.
Having been blessed with so much, they should have loved one Allah and believed in His message brought by Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) who also belonged to their tribe, yet they didn’t.
Surah No 107: Al-Ma’un
Number of Ayats: Seven
Meaning of the name: In takes its name from the last word of the last ayat ‘Al Ma’un’ which means “the small kindness”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Here attention is drawn towards two types of people. 1) those who openly rebel against the concept of Hereafter 2) the hypocrites who pretend to be Muslim yet there is no sincerity in their hearts. We are told that we cannot develop a strong, unwavering and high character unless we believe in the Hereafter.
Being kind to the poor and orphans, and giving charity are simple acts that are expected of us as they have immense importance in our religion. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “The one who looks after a widow or a poor person is like a Mujahid who fights for Allah’s Cause, or like him who performs prayers all the night and fasts all the day.”
Therefore those who do not to practice them, shows that the person does not believe in the Hereafter. While they who might be seen praying, or performing acts of kindness and charity, yet it is nothing but a display of vanity. These people are also without faith and have no connection with Allah.
Surah No 108: Al-Kauthar
Number of Ayats: Three
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the last word of ayat no1, ‘Al-Kauthar’ which means “a river in paradise”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It literally means “abundance of good”, and it actually refers to the immense rewards that Allah bestowed upon Hazrat Muhammad (SAW). This includes a river of this name in Paradise. For when Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) ascended the heavens, He said (after his return) “I came upon a river (in Paradise) the banks of which were made of tents of hollow pearls. I asked Jibrail, ‘what is this (river)?’ He replied, ‘This is Kauthar’. ”
So as Allah blesses us with so much, therefore it is our duty to worship Him sincerely and give sacrifice in His cause. And Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is told that all those (especially Abu Jahl and his associates) who have made your life miserable (by spreading hatred and spite against you and taunted you on the loss of your two infant sons by Hazrat Khadija (RA)) will suffer a severe loss and indeed will be punished for such conduct.
Surah No 109: Al-Kafirun
Number of Ayats: Six
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the last first word of ayat no1, ‘Al Kafirun’ which means “the disbelievers”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Here Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is addressing the disbelievers. He says that I will not leave my faith, and follow your false ways. He could see that they would not leave their ways because of vested interests. He tells them that what they do is their own responsibility. He has shown them the one true path; now to follow it or not to follow it is up to them. At the same time they have no right to tell him to leave his way, and whatever they do to try and stop him from following that path will be in vain. For truth will always prevail.
Surah No 110: An-Nasr
Number of Ayats: Three
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Nasr’ occurs which means “the help”.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. Reference in given to when Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) migrated from Makkah to Madina. In Madina, he was surrounded by forces of truth and righteousness, and every plan of the Makkans was defeated. Gradually all the tribes devoted themselves to Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) and his message. All this serves as a glowing example of Allah’s infinite mercy.
We are told that we must be humble, should confess our shortcomings before Allah Almighty, and attribute all success to Him. While Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) had an added responsibility and privilege which was to pray for the forgiveness of his people in case they committed a folly.