Surah No 99: Al-Zalzalah
Number of Ayats: Eight
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the word ‘Zalzal’ in ayat no 1, which means “The earthquake”.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. Here the Great Earthquake is referred to. That day the entire earth will shake so violently that it will throw out everything it contains, and man will be bewildered and miserable at what has happened to the earth. This is symbolic of the Day of Judgment. That Day justice will prevail. The dead will rise again, and will be held accountable for all the deeds that they did in the time they lived on earth. He who has a done an atom’s worth of good will get his due, and he who has done an atom’s worth of evil will also get his due.
Surah No Al-Qari’a
Number of Ayats: Eleven
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the first word of ayat no 1, ‘Al Qari’a’ which means “the striking hour”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The Day of Resurrection has been portrayed here with great emphasis, as the opening ayat announces “The (Day) of Noise and Clamor”. It presents a severe warning for the unbelievers who are in a state of complete denial. It is when people will be like scattered moths. The mountains will breakup and scatter like balls of cotton wool. And those whose good deeds outweigh their bad deeds will be happy and content. And those whose bad deeds outweigh their good deeds will be pushed into a bottomless pit of blazing fire known as ‘Hawiyah’.
Surah No 102: At-Taqathur
Number of Ayats: Eight
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘At Taqathur’ occurs which means “the piling up”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It relays a grave warning for those who “pile up” worldly things as the name imply. We are told that it is futile to spend our lives accumulating wealth, indulging in pleasures, running after position and power, showing off and trying to get the better of the other in every possible manner. This occupies a man’s entire life and robs him of the time that could be spent on nobler things.
Yet none of these things have any significance and will not benefit us in the Hereafter, we only realize this when we are in our graves. So we are told that if we try to understand the reality of Hereafter in this life, it is for our own good. The truth will be revealed to us on that Day, and we will realize that how wrong we were to be avaricious. Every blessing will be accounted for as well.
Surah No 103: Al-Asr
Number of Ayats: Three
Meaning of the name: In takes its name from the first word of ayat no1, ‘al Asr’ which means “the time”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Only in three short verses Allah conveys to us His entire message beautifully. He tells mankind the path of success and ruin so simply that it is amazing. If a man considers life to be merely a business transaction where humans have no value and accumulation of material things has greater importance then he has indeed chosen for himself the path of ruin.
In comparison he who has complete faith, has indeed chosen the path of success. As faith shields him against evils of the world, and the righteous life he leads plays an important role in his spiritual development. We are told that to live for one self is not living; we must fulfill all our duties. That includes spending one’s life working for the betterment of others and spreading the message of Allah among his brethren, so that others may see the Truth and stand by it with patience, among all adversities.
The time between afternoon and evening is very important, and that is why Asr prayers has great significance, which can be understood by what Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said that “Whoever misses Asr prayers (intentionally) then it is as if he has lost his family and property”
Surah No 104: Al-Humaza
Number of Ayats: Nine
Meaning of the name: In ayat no 1, the word ‘Al Humaza’ occurs which means “the slanderer”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Here three vices are strongly condemned. They are: 1) Scandal-mongering which includes: tarnishing someone’s reputation, to insult someone or be sarcastic. 2) Backbiting 3) Miserliness. The first two make it impossible for any social cohesion or mutual confidentiality. While misers stand in the way of charity and economic development.
Though it would seem that such people suffer no punishment in this world and get away with what they are doing, they will without a doubt suffer a grievous penalty on the Day of Judgment, and will burn in the fire of Hell.
Surah No 105: Al-Fil
Number of Ayats: Five
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Al Fil’ occurs which means “the Elephant”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The reference is given to the event when Abraha Al Ashram, who was governor of Yemen, came to destroy Khana Kabbah, with a massive army of 60,000 troops and 13 elephants. The Arabs were incapable of defeating such a force. Therefore Allah Himself defeated the nefarious intentions of Abraha, and sent a force of birds that threw stones (of baked clay) at his army that destroyed them completely.
This happened in the same year that Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was born.