Surah No 67: Al-Mulk
Number of Ayats: Thirty
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word “Mulku” occurs which means ‘dominion’
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with praising Allah for He is the Lord of the visible and the invisible. He has the dominion over the world, and that is why it is absolutely perfect and we will be unable to find any flaw in it. Moreover we humans have been created with a purpose; therefore best among us is the person who does good deeds in the most perfect manner, i.e. only for Allah and in accordance with the ways of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW).
We have been given the ability to distinguish between right and wrong. Furthermore Allah sent Prophets to guide and teach us. But it has been man’s greatest folly to reject His message and to ridicule His messengers. Whatever man has been able to achieve, it is because not only has Allah provided him with intelligence but also the resources so that he may live on this earth easily. But can we be safe if Allah was not there to protect us? If we disobey Him, then there will be no protection for us in this world.
Then example of a bird’s flight is given. It is an amazing phenomenon, and by studying it man was able to design aero planes. Then the question arises that who taught them how to fly? Of course Allah, for He alone has the power to do so, then how can we mere humans deny His greatness? So those of us who follow the straight course of life are constantly guided by Him. The surah ends with an example, that if one day we find that all the water has finished from the world, and gone into the depths of the earth from where it cannot rise back, then would we be able to survive without it? Similarly if Allah were to withdraw His Grace and Mercy, then no one else on this earth is capable of providing us with anything, and so we should acknowledge that our very existence depends on Him.
Surah No 68: Al-Qalam
Number of Ayats: Fifty two
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word “Qalami” occurs which means ‘the pen’.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. In the beginning it is being proclaimed by the pen and record that is being written by it (revelation) that the Holy Prophet (SAW) is a man of high character and has been sent down by Allah Himself as a guide for mankind.
Here the disbelievers are being addressed for they were extremely disrespectful towards the Holy Prophet (SAW). They passed judgment by their false and irrational standards, though it was clear that they themselves were the ones who were flawed.
Reference to an interesting incident is given. A beautiful garden once belonged to some people. However they were conceited and selfish as they were not willing to give the poor any of the fruit that grew there. When the fruit was ripe enough for picking, they planned to wake up early in the morning to cheat others of their share. Thus when they went to the garden the next day, they found it completely destroyed by a terrible storm. So Allah punished them because of their bad intensions, as they had forgotten that the garden belonged to Him, and it flourished because of His blessings. So there is a lesson to be learnt, that punishment comes when we least expect it, however if the sinner sincerely repents, then Allah’s mercy is infinite. And one must be very cautious in life, for it will be much worse in the Hereafter where there is a prolonged punishment and there will be no chance for repentance!
Though it may seem that the people committing great sins are not being accounted for by Allah, but we are told that He gives them respite and provides them abundantly on purpose, so that they are encouraged to keep on doing what they do. He will then suddenly catch them unaware, and His grip will be so firm that there will be no chance of escaping the horrible punishment. Also no matter how hard an evil person tries to harm a righteous person, he will be unable to because that person has firm belief in Allah.
Surah No 69: Al-Haqqa
Number of Ayats: Fifty two
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the opening word is “Al-Haqqa”, which means “the inevitable”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. In the first 3 ayats it is stated that Day of Judgment will indeed come, when the absolute truth will be evident, but it is accompanied with a question: that what will convince the disbelievers of this certainty? For have they not heard what happened to the people of Thamud who were wiped out by a terrible storm, or the people of Ad who perished due to furious winds, or how the nations’ of Pharaohs were brought down? These were the people who were arrogant, cruel and paid no heed to Allah’s message and so they faced the consequences.
As the theme of the surah is the Day of Judgment, the setting is again portrayed here. No power or wealth will be able to help the sinners and they will wish that death had destroyed them and that they did not have to endure the fire of Hell.
The disbelievers accused the Holy Prophet (SAW) of being a poet, a magician and a mystic. Yet Allah says that if any messenger were to invent something on his own, his right hand would have been held (the right hand is symbolic of power and action) and the artery of his heart would have been cut off, so that no falsehood could prevail, such is the knowledge and justice of Allah.
It is Allah who Has bestowed upon us a great gift i.e. of Revelation which is the absolute Truth. Therefore it is our duty to be grateful to Him and to praise Him in our thoughts, deeds and words.
Surah No 70: Al-Ma’arij
Number of Ayats: Forty four
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 3 where the word “dil Ma’arij” occurs which means “the ways of Ascent”
Summary: This is a Makki surah. We are told that the Angels and the spirit reach Allah in a day, whose measure for us would be equal to 50 thousand days. Here the Day of Judgment is mentioned again. As a last resort, the sinner will offer everything he had even his family and kin in order to get respite from punishment, but nothing can save him. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Allah will say to the person of the Hell Fire who will receive the least punishment, ‘if you had everything on earth would you give it as a ransom to free yourself (i.e. to save yourself from this Fire)?’ he will say ‘Yes.’ Then Allah will say ‘While you were in the backbone of Adam, I asked you much less than this (i.e. not to worship others besides Me), but you insisted on worshipping others besides Me.”’
Man has been endowed with the highest rank, and he has been given the free will so that he might pursue excellence and fulfill his destiny. Yet unfortunately he uses that free will unwisely and ungratefully and forgets the Mighty creator. Our foremost responsibility is to be sincere to Him and to follow the path prescribed by Him. There is no other way! We are also told that true charity is when those who have been blessed by Allah; seek those who are unable to ask for assistance, yet are needy. This will show that we are grateful for our gifts and understand that we must share them with those who are less fortunate than us, for the betterment of mankind.