Surah No 55: Ar-Rehman
Number of Ayats: Seventy-eight
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 which begins with the word ‘Ar-Rehman’ meaning “most merciful”.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It is called the adornment of the Holy Quran, which can be understood as all the wonderful gifts of nature as well as the Majesty of Allah has been mentioned. This is the only surah in which besides man, jinn have also been addressed directly. Both have been reminded of all the blessings that Allah has bestowed on them and that they are accountable only before Him. The surah clearly indicates that the message of the Holy Prophet (SAW) is meant for both man and jinn.
We have been given the power of speech and expression. We have also been gifted with high intelligence and the capability to understand things around us and to make others understand. Such are the bounties of Allah. However He asks us to be just and honest in every matter, especially in business transactions as well as when dealing with others. Most specifically we must be honest in our relationship with Allah. Therefore it would be useless if our actions do not coincide with our thoughts as nothing is hidden from Him.
Ayat no 13 most beautifully asks of us “Then which of the blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny?” This ayat is repeated 30 times throughout the surah. According to Tradition, when the people kept silent on hearing this surah, Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said, ‘I recited this very Surah before the jinn in the night when they had gathered together to hear the Quran. They responded to it better than you have. As I recited the Divine Words, Fa bi ayyi alaa’i Rabbikuma tukadhdhiban (ayat no13) they responded by saying: “O our Lord, we do not deny any of your blessings, Praise is for You alone!”
Great reward is promised to those who are obedient and grateful, for they will live in the gardens of paradise, and those who deny His blessings are ungrateful and foolish for they are actually refusing Allah’s benevolence.
Surah No 56: Al-Waqi’a
Number of Ayats: Ninety- six
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Waqi’a’ occurs meaning the “the event”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with reiterating that the Hour of Judgment will indeed come when the earth will shake tremendously and the mountains will crumble into dust particles. In ayats no 7-56 the three categories that people will be divided into and their treatment on the Day of Judgment are mentioned. In ayats no 57-74 arguments are given to prove the oneness of Allah and the truth of the Hereafter. While in ayats 75-82 the disbelievers are admonished for doubting the Holy Quran.
In the last ayats Allah asks the disbelievers that if you are as independent as you claim to be then why can you not save your dear ones from death or call back the soul of the dying man when you are gathered around his death bed? Therefore only those who have faith will be nearest to Allah in the Hereafter. These people will have everything that is imaginable. A beautiful place to live in Jannat, where all kinds of wonderful food and drink will be available to them in abundance. Where happiness will surround them and they will be free from all worries.
Surah No 57: Al-Hadid
Number of Ayats: Twenty-nine
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the sentence, Wa anzalna’ l-hadida, of ayat no 25, where ‘hadid’ means “iron”.
Summary: This is Madni surah. It begins with praise of Allah Almighty. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) explains beautifully: “Thou art the First, so that there was nothing before Thee; and Thou art the Last, so that there is nothing after Thee; and Thou art Evident, (or Ascendant) so that there is nothing above Thee, and Thou art the Hidden, the Knower of hidden things, so that there is nothing hidden from Thee.”
We are asked to believe in Him and to give charity openly and freely. We are told in ayat no 18 that those men and women who spend in charity, Allah will return it manifold and will also reward them. So to uphold the name of Islam we are told to spend generously and sacrifice whatever is required, however they are more commendable who not only spend but fight back when our religion needs us the most. On the other hand those who do not spend their money for Allah’s Cause are weak in character and spirit as well as faith. They forget that this money is given to them by Allah Himself, and all of it will be left behind and that this life is nothing but a deceiving enjoyment. Here everyone seems to be competing with one another with regard to wealth and children. Whereas the race should actually be for performing good deeds and seeking forgiveness from Allah.
In the end we are told that no nation has exclusive rights to Allah’s mercy or blessings. It is His Will to whom upon He shall bestow. However He has told us in the Holy Quran that “you are the best Ummah brought forward to mankind”, this indicates that everyone should embrace Islam.
Surah No 58: Al-Mujadila
Number of Ayats: Twenty-two
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 1 where the word ‘Mujadila’ occurs, which means “pleading and arguing”.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It begins with condemning the practice of “Zihar”, where a man would divorce a woman (saying that you are like my mother). This was practiced by pagans in order to free themselves from matrimonial duties. Reference is given to the incident of Khaula bint Thalaba, wife of Aus, son of Samit. She went and presented her case before the Holy Prophet (SAW), as she had little children whom she could not raise on her own. Her prayers were answered for Allah abolished this illicit custom. We are told that those who wanted to go back on their words had to pay a penalty in the form of freeing a slave before they could be reunited with their wives. If that was not possible they had to fast for 2 months like in the month of Ramadan or alternately feed 60 poor people.
The secret meetings that the hypocrites and disbelievers would hold, as an act of conspiring against the Holy Prophet (SAW) as well a display of disobedience is mentioned here. They were wicked enough to greet him by saying “Alsam-u-Alaikum” which meant ‘death/destruction be upon you’. Then they would ask insolently that why is Allah not punishing us for our words? The answer of course will be given to them on the Day of Judgment. Even though secrecy is usually associated with concealing of wrong doings it can however be used for good purposes such as charity, or to deter some sort of impending trouble, or to overcome a wicked plot. It simply depends on the motive.
We are also apprised of certain social etiquettes. In a large gathering discipline must be observed so that no inconvenience is caused to anyone and one should make space for newcomers. While visiting, we should not sit longer than our due as this can waste the host’s time.
We are told that originally Allah created man with a good nature. However it is because he forgets the qualities given to him by Allah, that he pays heed to evil and, and is in turn led astray. Here our attention is drawn towards the hypocrites. These people swear that they are honest and righteous, while in reality they are siding with the enemies of Islam having only their own interests at heart. They do not realize that they are committing a terrible crime for which they will pay heavily in the Hereafter. Whereas those who strongly believe in Allah and Islam and their conviction is unwavering; they are the true Muslims and only they will achieve true success.