Surah No 41: Ha Mim
Number of Ayats: Fifty four
Meaning of the name: The name of this surah is composed of two words, it begins with ‘Ha-Mim’ and ‘As-Sajda’ refers to the fact that you are required to perform sajda on ayat no 38.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with the mention of how Allah created the earth and the heavens. Again reference of Ad and Thamud is given, and even though they were very powerful and had a great civilization, they became very vain and disobedient and for that they severely punished. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Whoever has pride in his heart equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant) shall not enter paradise”.
It is stated that on the Day of Judgment even our five senses and body parts will testify about the deeds that have been performed by us on earth.
We are told that the person whose speech is most worthy of listening is he who 1) calls people towards the truth of Allah 2) is firm in his belief of the message 3) and practices what he preaches.
The Holy Quran was sent down in Arabic, for had it been in another language it would have become an object of ridicule by the Arabs ‘that what is the point of sending down a book in a language that we do not understand.’ Yet in their ignorance and folly they did not believe in the truth of the message. It was this attitude that greatly worried the Holy Prophet (SAW), as the pagan Arabs made it exceedingly difficult for him to preach the message. The answer is provided in this surah that success is by performing righteous deeds and having an upright character, and whenever Satan tries to lure you, seek Allah’s help. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger”.
In the end a common human characteristic is pointed out that when man is happy he forgets Allah, but when he is in trouble he calls out to Him and engages in lengthy prayer, but Allah says that this worship lacks sincerity, therefore it is futile.
Surah No 42: Ash- Shura
Number of Ayats: Fifty three
Meaning of the name: It is derived from the word ‘shura’ that occurs in ayat no 38 which means “consultation”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is reiterated that the Holy Quran was sent down in Arabic language so that the people could easily understand it.
Great emphasis is laid on the fact that the religions preached from the beginning have the same essence. No prophet has established a religion of his own. Through all ages they have simply been inviting others to follow what has been ordained by Allah. Therefore it is our duty to remain steadfast in our belief and not divide religion into sects. That is what happened with previous nations, and at that time Islam was the binding force. Unfortunately Muslims later on also followed in their footsteps. As Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “The Jews and the Christians were divided into seventy-one or seventy-two religious sects, and this nation will be divided into seventy-three religious sects – all in Hell, except one, and that one is the one on which I and my companions are today[ i.e. following the Quran and the Prophet’s Sunnah]”
It is also stated that if we study the signs of Allah carefully we will learn that the highest of spiritual lessons is to persevere patiently and to be grateful to Him always, in every situation for He knows best. It is He Who lets us achieve so much in spite of our limitations and forgives us when we deserve great punishment.
We are told that we must stand up for our right and defend ourselves if we are wrongly treated or oppressed by others. However the highest and most noble conduct would be to forgive so that reform can take place and evil is suppressed. The life of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is a great example of this. Those who persecute people unjustly and cause rebellion on earth, for them there will be a great punishment.
Surah No 43: Az- Zukhruf
Number of Ayats: Eighty nine
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the word ‘zukhruf’ meaning “adornments” which occurs in ayat no 33.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. One of main queries of the pagan Makkans was that why had not Allah bestowed one of their Chiefs with the gift of prophet hood? The reason is clearly stated that little value is attached to adornments such as gold and silver or worldly ranks in the spiritual world, for those can be easily acquired by many, while not everyone is worthy of spiritual knowledge and power.
Therefore all the dazzle and beautification of the world is false. In actuality evil takes refuge in these to lure people and to make them believe that they are pursuing the right things in life. Hence they fall deeper into its trap.
Through ayats no 26-28 an appeal is made to the Arabs that Islam is the true religion as preached by Hazrat Ibrahim (AS). Through ayats no 46-54 an appeal is made to the Jews that Islam was the religion preached by Hazrat Moosa (AS). Whereas through ayats no 57-65 an appeal is made to the Christians that Islam was the religion preached by Hazrat Issa (AS). Therefore no religion teaches the worship of any other than Allah.
It is stated in ayat no 61 that when Hazrat Isa (AS) will return to earth; that is a sign that the Day of Resurrection is near.
Surah No 44: Ad-Dukhan
Number of Ayats: Fifty-nine
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 10 where the word ‘Dukhan’ has been mentioned which means “smoke”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with stating in ayat no 3 that the Holy Quran was sent down on a blessed night (which is usually considered one of the nights of the last Ashra in Ramazan i.e. 21st, 23rd, 25th, 27th or 29th). The Quraish have mainly been addressed in the surah as their hostility was increasing towards the Islam. Therefore the Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) prayed to Allah to send famine which might change the attitude of the people of Makkah. There was a slight change, as some Quraish Chiefs then came to Prophet Muhammad (SAW) asking him to pray to Allah to relieve them of this calamity. This was the occasion that the surah was revealed, however Allah had told azrat Muhammad (SAW) that these people cannot learn from a mere calamity, as they have turned away from his teachings, and also they lie if they say that they will believe when they have been saved from the terrible ordeal.
Reference is given of the people of Pharaoh, who refused to accept the signs such as their prosperous land of Canaan, their thriving Kingdom under David and Solomon and the teachings of the prophets that were so clearly shown by Allah and when they conspired to kill Hazrat Moosa (AS), they met their end.
It is stated that we must realize that worldly status cannot help oneself or anyone else on the Day of Judgement, it is only Allah’s mercy that can.