Surah No 31: Luqman
Number of Ayats: Thirty four
Meaning of the name: It has been named after Hazrat Luqman (AS) who was a very wise man.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The main theme is related to ‘wisdom’ with a main reference to Hazrat Luqman (AS). He was well known far and wide, for he had the knowledge as well as practiced the right way of life as prescribed by Allah, to the best of his abilities. We must realize that in order to acquire wisdom we must develop a relationship with Allah and have to understand the Holy Quran for it is the book of guidance. Those who follow it are successful in this life and the Hereafter as well; if only people could understand this point. On the surface people may think they are successful even after traversing the wrong path, but in truth Allah is giving them chances, but when those chances finish the result is devastating.
Again it is emphasized that you are allowed to disobey your parents only if they ask you stray away from true faith, as misleading others from the right path is a great wrong and one would pay heavily for this sin. Allah is All-Aware, that is why nothing can remain hidden from Him, as small as a grain of mustard seed, wherever it maybe i.e. heaven or earth. Some words of wisdom given by Hazrat Luqman are as follows: 1) have true faith and worship only Allah 2) be patient 3) be humble and 4) practice moderation in every aspect of life.
Allah’s blessings are with us all the time. Some we can see and understand, while others we cannot. Men who lack spiritual insight fail to accept revelation and faith. They are adamant to follow the wrong ways of their forefathers. The signs and commandments of Allah are infinite for if all the trees were made into pens and the oceans were turned to ink they would fall short.
The surah ends by stating that without doubt Allah is the wisest of all. Only He knows of 1) time 2) rain 3) a new life 4) our day-to-day life 5) death. In short When, Where, Why, What and How can only be answered by Allah, for He knows all.
Surah No 32: As-Sajda
Number of Ayats: Thirty
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 15 where ‘sajda’ has been mentioned.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It begins with stating that the Holy Prophet (SAW) was sent as a messenger to the Arabs who had gone astray and required guidance, for Allah had not sent any prophet to them as He had to other nations. Yet many did not believe in the teachings of the Holy Quran. Therefore on the Day of Judgment, such people will greatly wish that they could be sent back to earth so that they could do all the right things to escape the horrible end that they are about to face. However it will be useless to repent then. Allah repeatedly shows man His signs and urges him to follow the right and correct path. He calls him to fall down in prostration and worship him. To show his gratitude and also to serve him and give charity regularly. Yet man never listens as he is too engrossed in this worldly and materialistic life. For this he will pay the penance afterwards. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) once said “There is no greater action then the remembrance of Allah that can save a person from His punishment”.
We must see and hear what Allah tells us through the signs of this world and the mysteries hidden in the universe. This is the only way we can become closer to Allah, strengthen our relation with him, and understand the true purpose of our life on this earth. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) once said “Let me tell you of the gates of virtue (they are): 1) fasting which is an armour against hell 2) giving charity (As-Sadaqah) which erases sins just like water extinguishes fire 3) worshiping and remembering Allah in the middle or (the last third) part of the night”.
‘Taurah’ has been mentioned here, which was bestowed on Hazrat Moosa (AS) so that he could preach Allah’s message to the people of Israel. It contained the complete code of life. Yet the Jews turned away from Allah’s teachings and that is why He took away his blessings from them. In ayat no 23 reference is given to the meeting of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) with Hazrat Moosa (AS) on the occasion of Miraj.
Surah No 33: Al-Ahzab
Number of Ayats: Seventy three
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 9 where the word ‘Al-Ahzab’ occurs which means ‘the combined forces’.
Summary: This is a Madni surah. It begins with various commands given by Allah. We are reminded that we can have no better friend and supporter then He. No man can have two hearts and it is also very wrong for any man to commit ‘Zihar’. We are told that adoptive sons cannot and should not be considered as real sons. The Battle of the Trench is mentioned here, when the confederacy (Al-Ahzab) came to destroy Islam with an army of no less than ten-twelve thousand men whereas there was only a handful of Muslims to face them. However Allah helped them in the hour of need as He sent the winds and an army of angels, which is how the non-believers were defeated in their nefarious designs.
The wives of the Holy Prophet (SAW) have been addressed in this surah. They were told that they were by no means ordinary women; therefore they must be well aware of their status and rank. They had a great responsibility for they had to instruct and guide women who were embracing Islam. They also had to treat everyone (men and women) alike with kindness and goodness, but at the same time be modest and cautious because of their position.
It is stated in ayat no 35 that all the Muslim (those who submit to Allah in Islam) men and women who follow the right path will be judged and rewarded equally. It should be clear to us the Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) was not the father of any man; he was the beloved last messenger of Allah. Also he was sent in five capacities: 1) he came to teach the ways and practices of religion (Islam) 2) he came as a bearer of good news of the mercy of Allah for all those who believe, repent and follow the right path 3) he came as a warner to those who were heedless, for there is a life after death 4) he came to invite everyone to repent and ask forgiveness for their sins 5) he came as a light to illuminate the whole world for his message was a universal one.