Surah No 34: Saba
Number of Ayats: Fifty four
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no 15 where the word ‘saba’ has been mentioned.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It chiefly mentions the people of Saba who were blessed with everything. They were successful in every way. They were also people of virtue, and as long as they practiced the way of Allah they remained happy and content. However they adopted bad ways. They began worshipping things other than Allah, and in short fell into the trap of Satan. That is when their happy life changed for Allah took away His blessings. Eventually they perished and now they are only a name in history. The moral of this account is that only Allah is the one who can give us happiness and prosperity, and in that state we should not forget Allah and serve Him and His people wholeheartedly.
It is stated that neither wealth nor children are the means through which we can become nearer to Allah. It is only through true belief and doing of righteous deeds can we achieve that status, and for this Allah will reward twofold.
We are told that the People of the Book, as well as other nations had been blessed 10 times more than the Arabs, yet when they turned away from Allah, He took away all that He had given them and they faced terrible consequences. Indeed those who act against all the Ayats (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs and revelations) will be punished by Allah.
Surah No 35: Fatir
Number of Ayats: Forty five
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from ayat no1 where the word ‘Fatir’ has been mentioned which means creator of everything, which is Allah Almighty.
Summary: This is a Maaki surah. It is stated that when we praise Allah through prayer and recitation of the Holy Quran it means that we understand and acknowledge that whatever He does it is for the good of His creation. That He is the only one who can do everything. Yet if we turn to this world and its life, we are actually rejecting Allah, and what do we think we will gain by that? For when we reject Him then we are actually rejecting all good.
There is a great difference between good and evil, for those who know. However when a man considers evil doings as good, then there is no hope. He cannot benefit from any type of guidance because he refuses to be guided. Allah lets such a person go astray, but even at the point of destruction, if He wills he can guide such a person towards the right path. We must be clear on the fact that no good is ever wasted; good words followed by good deeds are always rewarded by Him. If man seeks personal glory and power, then he will not gain anything, only by obeying Allah can he attain the highest glory and power for both belong to Him only.
We must also remember that Allah does not need us, He can easily destroy us and create new life on earth. It is we who need Him. Although we cannot be perfect for we are humans, yet we must strive as much as we can for Him, for he who tries his best to serve Allah, He wipes away his mistakes, as He is ready to recognize, appreciate, and reward the smallest service even if it is flawed. It is stated “Verily, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most ready to appreciate (good deeds and to recompense).” (35:30).
No one can escape His vigilant eye, He knows everything seen and unseen. No one will get respite however wise and pious he may be, for he will be answerable for what he has done on earth.
Surah No 36: Ya-Sin
Number of Ayats: Eighty three
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the two letters of the alphabet with which it begins.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is known as the heart of the Holy Quran, which can be proved scientifically as well because of its placement. It is a very important surah as it encompasses significant topics such as waking from the dead and many solid proofs of the existence of Allah. It begins with the tasdeeq of the prophet hood of Hazrat Muhammed (SAW). It was revealed when the disbelievers accused Hazrat Muhammed (SAW) of not being a prophet. Meaningful arguments have been given about Tauheed, Hereafter and prophet hood.
It is stated that Musrifin are those who transgress all boundaries by committing great sins and disobey Allah. Therefore His message has no effect on them. In comparison those who believe in Allah’s message, love Him and do not want to make Him angry at any cost, for them the message brings good news. It shows them a way of forgiveness of past sins and a reward beyond their imagination. It gives them the opportunity to be thankful for the things that have been given to them, things that they have not and could not create themselves. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Oh Allah! I seek refuge with You from helplessness, laziness, cowardice and senile old age; I seek refuge with You; from Fitan (trials and afflictions) of life and death, and I see refuge with You from the punishment in the grave”.
It is clearly indicated that prophets are people who have no personal gains. They simply serve Allah and the people for whom they are sent. Though personal conviction they urge others to follow the message, but many have been foolish enough to reject the truth. Allah only has to say ‘Be’ and it is. Therefore in the last ayat we are reminded that Allah is the creator and sustainer of all things and all of us will eventually return to Him, answerable for everything.
Surah No 37: As-Saffat
Number of Ayats: One hundred and eighty two
Meaning of the name: It takes its name from the first word of the surah which is ‘saffat’ meaning ‘those ranged in ranks’.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. It is stated in the beginning that good men cohesively serve Allah with perfect discipline. They work according to the rank assigned to them. They battle with evil to conquer it and thus good is strengthened this way and evil is defeated. Hence the message of Allah is spread forward in this manner. There will always be a struggle when it comes to truth and righteousness, but the believer knows that victory will be his eventually.
The event in which Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) was ordered to sacrifice his son is mentioned here. Really this depicts the spirit of Islam and how a true believer is willing to sacrifice all in the name of Allah.
Hazrat Moosa (AS) and Hazrat Haroon (AS) are mentioned here. They were men greatly bestowed by Allah for they were given the mammoth task of liberating the Jews from the everlasting slavery of the Pharaohs of Egypt. The Jews were a nation that Allah had greatly favored. However there came a time when the Jews forgot Aall the favours of Allah, for they turned away from His message. That is when they greatly suffered. Hazrat Iliyas (AS) is also mentioned, and his nation was that of disbelievers.
In ayats (139-148) the story of Hazrat Yunus (AS) is stated in more detail. He was sent to the city of Nineveh where the population was over a hundred and twenty thousand. Initially they did not listen to him and continued being idolaters as well as lead a shameless life. This resulted in him becoming discouraged, angered and he condemned them. He then ran away. However he was thrown off the ship he had boarded and was swallowed by a gigantic fish. It was then he realized his mistake and wholeheartedly repented (his dua is given in Surah Al-Anbiyaa ayat no 87). As a result Allah relieved him of his predicament. He returned to the city and his people repented whole heartedly and became believers. This is the reason Allah forgave them.
There are lessons to be learned from his story. Firstly man has not been given the right to pass judgment regarding the wrath or mercy of Allah on someone. Secondly Allah indeed forgives true repentance and thirdly no person can overcome the plans of Allah.
The surah can be summed up as 1) To Allah belongs all glory, honour, and power 2) No one is His equal 3) Revelations are sent by Him only 4) His help defeats all difficulties 5) His creation is loved and valued by Him.