Surah No 89: Al-Fajr
Number of Ayats: Thirty
Meaning of the name: In ayat no 1, the word ‘Wal Fajr’ occurs which means “the Break of Day or the Dawn”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. In the beginning our attention is brought towards the magnificence of the breaking of the dawn. This is a sign of Allah’s supremacy, and an appeal to those who understand and believe.
Then we are told that neither individuals nor nations that break the Laws of Allah can escape His wrath. What happened to Ad, Thamud and Pharaoh are solid proof that He exists. That He is always watching and that in the end all wrongdoers will be brought to justice.
It is stated that Allah tests man, both by richness and hardship to see his approach in both situations. In richness He wants us to be humble and compassionate, while in hardship He wants us to have faith and be patient. As neither riches are a reward and neither is poverty a punishment. Yet unfortunately we disappoint Allah by our conduct. For when we are bestowed with gifts and honor we become conceited. And when Allah takes away His blessings then we are in despair and lament bitterly.
It is pointed out that our love for money is great and the greed to accumulate as much as possible is always there. We do not feed the poor or the orphans, and misguide others in doing so as well. Specifically in the case of inheritance; guardians of minors or persons unable to look after their own interests often try their best to cheat them out of their money. Also we tend to squander the money that we inherit on ourselves; by indulging in senseless whims, though it should be used for productive purposes and benefits of others.
So we do not refrain from wrongdoings, forgetting that we will be answerable for them. It is only on that Day, when we will be facing Hell that we will remember and wish that we had not done so, but by then it will be too late. While the devoted and sincere people are invited by Allah, for in the last ayat it is stated “And enter you my Heaven”.
Surah No 90: Al-Balad
Number of Ayats: Twenty
Meaning of the name: In ayat no 1, the word ‘Al Balad’ occurs which means “the City”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. Firstly the city of Makkah has been referred to and the hardships faced by the Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) while residing there.
Then the ideology of life has been beautifully explained here. Allah has laid before us two routes in life, and it is up to us to choose. However we have been told that difficult as it may seem, by following the path of virtue we will attain both spiritual and worldly excellence. For that we have to practice qualities such as patience, self-restraint and compassion.
We can achieve this by 1) freeing a slave 2) feeding the poor especially during famine 3) to be kind to orphans and to look after their needs, especially those who are related to us. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “Whoever frees a Muslim slave, Allah will save all the parts of his body from the (Hell) Fire, as he has freed the body parts of the slave.”
Surah No 91: As-Shamas
Number of Ayats: Fifteen
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Ash-Shams’ occurs which means “the sun”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. We are told that Allah creates the soul of every person, by giving it proportion and a degree of perfection. Yet the greatest gift is the knowledge of right and wrong. Therefore if we want to succeed and prosper in this world and the Hereafter then we must keep the soul pure as Allah made it, and if we don’t then we ourselves are responsible for our failure and ruin.
Here reference is given of Thamud, the nation of Hazrat Salih (AS). They oppressed the poor by not allowing their animals to drink water or graze the pastures. Hazrat Salih (AS) was given a she-camel, as a final test and warning for his people. Yet they were blinded by their arrogance and ignorance as they paid no heed to their prophet’s admonition and killed the poor camel.
Therefore Allah destroyed them by a dreadful earthquake, which buried them alive in their houses and wiped out their buildings which were fine examples of construction.
Surah No 92: Al-Lail
Number of Ayats: Twenty-one
Meaning of the name: In ayat no1, the word ‘Wal lail’ occurs which means “the night”.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. We are told that the good can be recognized by three things: 1) they don’t hesitate in sacrificing for Allah 2) they fear Allah (taqwa) 3) believes in La ilaha illallah and that Allah will compensate them for what they spend in His way. While the evil can be recognized by three things as well: 1) their greed leads them to deny others of their rights 2) arrogance 3) they deliberately mock the truth.
To follow the path of goodness is difficult yet we constantly have Allah’s blessings and mercy. We have also been bestowed with five senses as well as mental and spiritual faculties. Furthermore prophets were sent for our guidance. Therefore if we choose a life based on righteousness it will lead us to a happy place in the Hereafter.
However those who follow the path of immorality, they will face nothing but misery in the end, and their wealth, possessions and conceit will be of no use to them. We understand “wealth” in only monetary terms; however it has a much wider significance, and even an “opportunity” or “advantage”, that a person gets which can be used for the betterment of others or even himself should be considered as wealth.
It is stated that whenever we do a good deed it should not be done with any ulterior motive or for a worldly reward; rather it should be done solely for Allah and to please Him, for our reward lies with Him only.