Surah No 38: Sad
Number of Ayats: Eighty eight
Meaning of the name: The Surah takes its name from the alphabetic letter Suad with which it begins.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. The trials and tribulations faced by various prophets have been mentioned to give Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) courage and support. The Arabs slandered the Holy Prophet (SAW) by saying that he was a sorcerer, a liar. It was simply because they could not accept that a man just like themselves could be a Prophet whom they had to follow, someone who said that there is only one Allah. They said that they had not heard about him from their forefathers, so he must have invented this himself. Nevertheless the Holy Quran is full of explanations for those who are willing to understand and follow.
The incidents of Hazrat Daud (AS) and Hazrat Suleiman (AS) have been mentioned. Hazrat Daud (AS) was given a powerful kingdom, and thorough judgment. It is said that two men came before Hazrat Daud (AS) with a problem. He only heard one side of the case and gave his viewpoint and at the same time thought to himself that there were not many righteous men in the world, and that he himself was just and fair. At that exact moment the two men disappeared! He at once realized that this had been a test of his character. For as soon as he had indulged in self-pride, he had become an ordinary man. As you see all our good qualities are a gift of Allah, and we cannot be vain about them. So Hazrat Daud (AS) repented at once for his mistake.
Similarly once Hazrat Suleiman (AS), missed his Asr and Magrib prayers as he spent time with some horses that had been brought in for Jihad. Allah made him so ill that he was nothing but a lifeless body on his throne. Though he had everything anyone could ask for they were useless as they could not give him back his health. It was only Allah who could that and so he turned to Him.
Therefore it is clear that arrogance (self–love) is indeed the root of all evil and disbelief. Only he/she can arrive upon the truth who believes, for even Satan admits that he cannot harm the sincere believers of Allah. The power he is allowed to exercise is within limits prescribed by Allah Himself.
Surah No 39: Az- Zumar
Number of Ayats: Seventy-five
Meaning of the name: The surah derives its name from verse 71 and 73 in which the word zumar occurs meaning ‘the groups’.
Summary: This is a Makki surah. In the beginning two qualities of Allah are highlighted. One that he is Omnipotent and He can carry out His will as He wishes. Secondly He is wise and knows all. This clearly indicates how Allah sends his revelation to man and that actual wisdom is to carry out Allah’s will as given to us. It is stated in ayat no. 12 “I am commanded (this) in order that I may be the first of those who submit themselves to Allah (in Islam) as Muslims”
Moreover parables have been used in the Holy Quran, not to tell us stories but to teach lessons on spiritualism and wisdom.
He alone is worthy of our worship. Therefore the consequences of worshipping more than one God are clearly stated by examples. All those who worship other things such as idols or saints, wealth, power etc are completely on the wrong path. This divergence from the truth has lead to so many disputes and disintegration in the world as we have witnessed. Such people never have and never will obtain any guidance from Allah. Let it be known that those who practice and preach in opposition of Allah’s teachings may be happy and prosperous in this world, yet they will face grave consequences in the other life. Misleading ignorant people for your own gains is unacceptable.
We are warned that we should not approach evil, as it ensnares us and we start worshipping it. And he who goes astray is of his own will; Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) is not responsible in any way, because revelation has no effect on those who side with evil.
Those who listen to the message of Allah receive His guidance in every sphere of life and attain their goals. And through our conduct we have to show others of what is the right.
We must serve only Allah and do everything to please Him. We should only follow the highest standard, the best possible course of action so that there are no regrets afterwards. Thus ‘Taqwa’ means that our love for Allah should be so great that we are afraid to displease Him. We should also not delve too much on the mysteries of life for that leads to continuous and senseless arguments as well as controversies. We must have a strong faith and pray to Him for direction and benevolence. At the same times, those who have sinned should not despair, because Allah is most Merciful, and forgives if you truly repent.
Surah No 40: Al- Mumin
Number of Ayats: Eighty five
Meaning of the name: The surah takes its name from ayat no. 28, where the word ‘mumin’ has been mentioned which indicated the believer among Pharaoh’s nation.
Summary: This is a Maaki surah. It is stated that the Angels ask Allah to forgive all those human beings who repent and follow the ways prescribed by Him.
The story of a man who belonged to Pharaoh’s nation yet was a believer is told here. When Pharaoh announced that he would kill Hazrat Moosa (AS) and that he should ask his Allah to protect him if he can, it was then that this man stepped forward and pleaded with his people to believe in the message of Hazrat Moosa (AS), because he was afraid their attitude would invite Allah’s wrath upon them. He urged them to look at the signs that surrounded the prophet that were proof of his honesty. He implored them to learn a lesson from what happened to their ancestors such as people of Nooh, Ad and Thamud. He then reminded them of Hazrat Yusuf (AS), how they profited from the monetary gains that came through him, but really never appreciated his spiritual work. Pharaoh then asked his minister Haman to build him a palace so that he could reach up to the heavens and meet with the Allah of Hazrat Moosa (AS). Such was his arrogance, but he who plotted to kill the children of Israel and Hazrat Moosa (AS) met his doom by drowning in the Red Sea.
In ayat no. 57 it is beautifully stated that “Assuredly the creation of the heavens and the earth is a greater (matter) than the creation of men: Yet most men understand not”. So it is a question worth asking that on what basis is man so arrogant? He has the audacity to doubt the Day of Resurrection and the divine revelation. When all he is but a small part of this immense universe! So this is nothing but ingratitude on his part, to turn away from Allah and seek protection and help from those that have no power. For it is He who has provided man with everything. Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) said “By Allah! I seek Allah’s forgiveness and turn to Him in repentance for more than seventy times a day”.
In ayat no.60 Allah states that you call on Me for whatever you want and I will respond!